Functional Role of the City

LINDGC Context

The Legazpi – Iriga – Naga – Daet Growth Corridor is considered as a central strategy to accelerate the development of the Bicol Region with particular attention on agro-industrialization.  The LINDGC covers 22 LGUs traversed by Daang Maharlika.  It extends from Daet, Camarines Norte to Legazpi City or a stretch of about 200 kilometers.  A multi-nuclei satellite development strategy has been adopted anchored on two primary growth centers – Naga City and Legazpi City.  Within this regional context, Ligao has been identified as one of the corridor’s urban growth centers performing the role of a transport node.

 

PPFP Context

Within the provincial context, Ligao is seen as one of the three emerging growth centers of Albay along with Metro Legazpi (Legazpi – Daraga) and Tabaco City.  The Provincial Physical Framework Plan’s Tri-Sectoral Development Approach (1993 – 2002) considers Ligao as performing the special functional role of being Albay’s agro-industrial center.  This role complements that of Legazpi City, Daraga and Tabaco which were designated to perform the following:

  • Metro Legazpi (Legazpi – Daraga): Legazpi City has a special role as the seat of provincial administration, regional center of national government agencies and the center of education for the Bicol Region
  • Daraga’s urban center, majority of which are commercial areas, adjoins Legazpi City creating the possibility of a new metropolitan area
  • Tabaco has a special functional role as the educational center of the first district and the site of the international port.

The three urban centers are all expected to take on the roles of being the centers of commerce, trade and industry, modern settlements, telecommunication and medical services in the province.

The PPFP’s settlements plan pinpointed Ligao as the center for growth in the third district and the site of the Provincial Agro-Industrial Center.  Ligao has also been designated as a large town (Primary Urban Center B) as presented in the following table and in Figure 1.9 Provincial Settlements Plan, 2002.

Table 1.10 Hierarchy of Urban Centers, Province of Albay

Levels in Urban Hierarchy

Hierarchy of Urban Centers in 1990

Hierarchy of Urban Centers in 2002

Small/ Medium City (Primary Urban Center A)

 

 

Legazpi

 

Large Town
(Primary Urban Center B)

Legazpi City

 

Daraga
Guinobatan
Tabaco

Polangui
Ligao

Medium Town (Secondary Urban Center A)

Tabaco
Daraga

 

Bacacay
Camalig
Libon
Malinao

Oas
Pioduran
Tiwi

Small Town (Secondary Urban Center B)

Bacacay
Camalig
Guinobatan
Libon
Ligao
Malilipot
Malinao

Manito
Tiwi
Oas
Polangui
Jovellar
Rapu-Rapu
Santo Domingo

Jovellar
Malilipot
Manito

Rapu-Rapu
Santo Domingo

Village (Tertiary Urban Center)

 

 

Pantao (Libon)
Villahermosa (Rapu-Rapu)

 

Source:  PPFP/ CPLUP, Province of Albay, 1993 – 2002

Ligao was also seen as part of Albay’s rice granary along with the municipalities of Oas, Polangui and Libon.

 

CDS Context

The Ligao City Development Strategy Plan for 2002 – 2010 recognized the City’s central location in the third district of Albay and its corollary function as the “primary converging point of the population from surrounding municipalities like Pioduran on the West, Tabaco on the East, Oas and Polangui on the North and Guinobatan on the South.”  The CDS also recognized the City’s “unlimited potential towards becoming the commerce and trade emporium of the third district.”  Ligao has thus emerged as a medium-sized trade center in the third district of the Province.

These roles were ingrained in the City’s branding where Ligao was seen to become the “trading and service hub of the third district of Albay” by 2010.  Its vision further e mphasized the point as quoted below:

The strategic geographic location of the City of Ligao makes it an ideal gateway to the East and West Coasts of the Province of Albay.  Because of this great advantage, the City of Ligao by Year 2010 will become one of the three major trading and service centers in the Province of Albay and the main trading emporium in the 3rd District of Albay.

 

CLUP, 2000 – 2004

Ligao’s (then still a municipality) Comprehensive Land Use Plan for 2000 – 2004 also took cognizance of the City’s strategic role in the Province.  Its CLUP was thus anchored on the twin strategies of agro-industrialization and commercialization with particular emphasis on expanding its urban area to better provide urban services to its residents and those of the third district.

 

 
Ligao City Development Partners